Scientific Name: Gossypium
Description: Cotton is the most widely used fibre in the world. Originally from India, where the oldest pieces were woven – and from Ethiopia – North Africa. The largest cotton producing countries in the world are the United States, Egypt, China, India, Pakistan, Russia and Turkey.
Properties (Cotton Plant):
- Helps to reduce uterine bleeding,
- Helps in rheumatism.
Planting Tips: Cotton grows under various climatic conditions, tropical, subtropical or temperate. The development of this crop is very sensitive to temperature variations. Germination takes 7 to 8 days.
Soil: Remove traces of other plants, such as seeds or roots. The soil should be well drained and rich in organic matter.
Exposure / Temperature: Direct sunlight.
Irrigation: Both lack and excess water are detrimental to cotton growing. Opt for drip irrigation as it avoids dryness / excess water switching and also saves water.
Harvesting: Harvesting can be manual or mechanized. Generally, after 6 months, the cotton is ready to be harvested.
Life Cycle: Perennial (a designation given to plant species whose life cycle is long.)